It is bordered by Iraq to the west, Turkey , Azerbaijan's Naxcivan enclave, Armenia , and Azerbaijan to the northwest, Turkmenistan to the northeast, Afghanistan and Pakistan to the east. Known as Persia until in the western world, whereas the indigenous name has been Iran forever. Iran became an Islamic republic in after the ruling Shah was forced into exile. Conservative clerical forces subsequently crushed Westernisation and also any liberal or left-wing influences. Key current issues affecting the country include the pace of accepting outside modernising influences, reconciliation between clerical control of the regime and popular participation in government, and widespread demands for reform.
Backpacking Iran? Backpacking across Iran is getting easier and easier. With visas on arrival now available for most countries, Iran is fast opening up to foreign travellers. I arrived into Iran overland from Turkey, hitchhiking to the Iranian border and then catching a bus on the other side.
Journey through this fascinating country with a civilisation dating back thousands of years. Visit ancient lost cities, mosques, temples, shrines, caravanserais, fortresses, castles, bazaars as well as some of the greatest desert and mountain scenery in the world. The central region of Iran offers enough to keep visitors very occupied for a few weeks. Tehran is quite a nice city to explore. Tehran, the capital of Iran as well as capital of the Tehran province, has a population of more than twelve million people which places it among one of the largest and most populated cities in western Asia.