The People's Republic of China is what's known as a single-party state. This means that only one party is allowed to be in control of the government Become a Study. Try it risk-free for 30 days. Watch 5 minute video clips, get step by step explanations, take practice quizzes and tests to master any topic.
China is ruled by a communist government. This government has been in place since Communism in China, and in communist governments across the world, strives for equality among its citizens in economy and class. The head of government is Premier Li Keqiang, who was elected into office a day later. Together, these leaders make decisions on behalf of the People's Republic of China, which is a global superpower that has existed since Although the Chinese government classifies itself as communist, it has been criticized for leaning towards socialism, which emphasizes total state control over all aspects of its citizens' lives.
Under the Constitution, the Communist party has the complete political authority and governs according to democratic centralism. This governmental system allows for open discussion about policy decisions, but all members of the government are required to uphold collective decisions once a vote is made. Several smaller political parties comprise the United Front, although, they do not hold power or independence from the Communist party. The Politburo Standing Committee controls the Communist party and the military; it has between 4 and 9 members. The majority of governmental power, however, is concentrated in one position, the Paramount Leader.
The central government of the People's Republic of China is divided among several state organs:. The legal power of the Communist Party is guaranteed by the PRC Constitution and its position as the supreme political authority in the PRC is realised through its comprehensive control of the state, military, and media. Members of the State Council include the Premier , a variable number of Vice Premiers now four , five State Councilors protocol equal of vice premiers but with narrower portfolios , The Secretary-General , and now 26 ministers and other cabinet-level department heads. During the s there was an attempt made to separate party and state functions, with the party deciding general policy and the state carrying it out.