Each year, an estimated 4. On any given night, approximately 41, unaccompanied youth ages experience homelessness. Demographic risk factors for becoming homeless include being Hispanic or black; parenting and unmarried; or LGBTQ, with LGBTQ youth having more than twice the risk of being homeless than their cisgender or heterosexual peers. Also noted in the congressional report , females are more likely than males to run away, and among white, black and Hispanic youth, black youth have the highest rates of running away with approximately half of youth running away before the age of Children in foster care face multiple factors that increase their risk of homelessness , including the number of foster care placements, history of running away from placements and time spent in a group home.
Data reported here come from two primary sources: school districts, which are required to report on the number of homeless students they serve; and censuses of federally-funded homeless shelters and temporary housing programs, conducted by the U. Department of Housing and Urban Development. At the beginning of school year , there were 1. This is more than twice the number of students who were homeless in school year ,
Determining the number of homeless youth is difficult and estimates vary depending upon the definition and methodology used. For example, homeless youth are highly mobile and often try hard to avoid detection and contact with adults and social service systems; this means they are often not counted during annual homeless surveys. Being on their own without adult supervision, homeless youth are likely to behave in ways that are unsafe; they are also especially vulnerable. Homelessness exacerbates or can lead to serious mental and physical health problems.