The confrontations, which threaten to draw Israel more directly into the conflict, began before dawn when Israel intercepted what it said was an Iranian drone that had penetrated its airspace from Syria. The Israeli military then attacked what it called the command-and-control center from which Iran had launched the drone, at a Syrian air base near Palmyra. It is believed to be the first Israeli plane lost under enemy fire in decades. That prompted a broad wave of Israeli strikes against a dozen Syrian and Iranian targets in Syrian territory. Forces from Russia, Turkey and the United States are also on the ground in Syria in a war with multiple fronts and multiple factions, including the remnants of the Islamic State and other Islamist militant groups. In the past week, aircraft from three foreign countries have been brought down in the conflict: the Israeli plane; a Turkish helicopter shot down, also on Saturday , as it attacked Kurdish militias; and a Russian plane over Idlib that was bombing rebel-held territory.
Iron Dome was declared operational and initially deployed on 27 March near Beersheba. In addition to their land-based deployment, Iron Dome batteries will in the future be deployed at sea, where they will protect off-shore gas platforms in conjunction with Israel's Barak 8 missile system. Iron Dome is part of a future multi-tiered missile defense system that Israel is developing, which includes Arrow 2 , Arrow 3 , Iron Beam , Barak 8  and David's Sling. Hezbollah , based in Lebanon , fired rockets into northern Israeli population centers in the s, posing a security challenge for the Israel Defense Forces. Israel had floated the idea of its own short-range antimissile system, but U. In , the idea for Iron Dome gained momentum with the installation of Brig. Gold was a strong backer of the antimissile project, even skirting army contracting regulations to secure financing.
Tuesday, September 3rd 3 Elul The six-year Syrian conflict has long ceased being a civil war, and Assad is no independent actor; rather, he is now part of an Iranian-led regional coalition. Israel usually responds by firing on Syrian regime targets and vowing to respond to every breach of its territory.
Israeli involvement in the Syrian Civil War , or Israel's role  in the Syrian Civil War refers to the political stance, military incidents and humanitarian help of Israel on the course of the Syrian Civil War. While the Israeli official position is neutrality in the conflict, Israel is opposed to Iran's involvement in the war. The Israeli air campaign in Syria is officially termed Operation Chess. Israel provided humanitarian aid to Syrian war victims from to September , an effort that drastically ramped up since June when the Operation Good Neighbour was launched by the Israeli military. There are many different national interests playing a role in the war.